Crystal Science | TOURMALINE
“Earth’s most colorful mineral and gem material”
Tourmaline is classified as a semi-precious stone and the gemstone comes in a wide variety of colors. “Tourmaline” is the name of a large group of boron silicate. These minerals share a common crystal structure and similar physical properties – but vary tremendously in chemical composition. The wide range of compositions and color zoning within crystals causes tourmaline to occur in more colors and color combinations than any other mineral group.
WHAT IS A TOURMALINE
“Tourmaline” is the name of a large group of boron silicate minerals. These minerals share a common crystal structure and similar physical properties – but vary tremendously in chemical composition. The wide range of compositions and color zoning within crystals causes tourmaline to occur in more colors and color combinations than any other mineral group.
Tourmaline is one of the world’s most popular gemstones and is easy to find in jewelry stores. Well-formed tourmaline crystals are also valued by mineral specimen collectors. Specimens with attractive colors and crystal forms can sell for thousands of dollars.
Brazil has been the world’s leading source of tourmaline for nearly 500 years. In the 1500s Portuguese explorers obtained green and blue tourmaline from indigenous people and from panning streams in search of gold. They thought that these colorful stones were emeralds and sapphires and sent them back to Portugal, where they were cut into gems and used to make jewelry for royalty and wealthy citizens.
Names Used for Tourmaline Gems
Tourmaline is one of the most popular gemstones because it occurs in every color of the spectrum. Jewelers and gemologists use trade names for different colors of tourmaline to simplify communications with their customers. These names work much better in a jewelry store than the mineralogical names in the table above!
- Red tourmaline is sold as “rubellite“.
- Blue tourmaline is sold as “indicolite“.
- Green tourmaline colored by chromium or vanadium is often sold as “chrome tourmaline“.
- Black tourmaline is sold as “schorl“.
- For other tourmaline colors, the name of the color is usually used as an adjective. For example, “pink tourmaline” or “purple tourmaline.” “Yellow tourmaline” is sometimes sold as “canary tourmaline“.
BIRTHSTONES & ANNIVERSARIES
Tourmaline is a birthstone for October, along with opal. Tourmaline is also the gem of the eighth-anniversary.
TOURMALINE FOR HEALING
Absorbing, aligning, and cleansing: Because it absorbs negative energy, it is very important to cleanse tourmaline after use. After aligning chakras and absorbing negative energy, the effects can easily be felt by those who believe in its power and uses. To balance the chakras in the body, the stone can be heated.
Some believe tourmaline helps to clear, maintain, and stimulate each of the energy centers. It attracts inspiration. It will diminish people’s fears by bringing understanding and encourages self-confidence.
|red-violet, deep pink (rubellte)||Root chakra healer; offers vitality to the physical body|
|orange||Enhances creativity, stimulates the sacral chakra, and balances emotions of sexual nature|
|yellow (tsilasite)||Aligns with the solar plexus chakra; boosts personal power and spiritual growth|
|pink (elbaite)||Promotes joy and love|
|green||Opens the heart chakra, allowing it to perceive what the third eye visualizes; teaches compassion; a must-have stone for the herbalist or anyone who works with plants; attracts success and abundance|
|blue||Activates third eye and throat chakra; assists retrieval of higher knowledge and enhances inner knowing|
|violet (siberite)||Protects against dark entities|
|brown (dravide)||Cleanses the aura and auric field; can be used as a protective stone to bring peace and hope|
|black (aphrizite and schorl)||Repels negativity; lifts dark mood into the light; grounds root chakra to the earth energies|
|watermelon||Promotes unconditional love; bonds the heart chakra energies with the higher self; enlightens energies, allowing room for laughter and lightness, releasing moods when being too serious|
|neon||Magnifier energy that can be used as a complementary tool to enhance healing properties of other healing stones; offers power and focus|
|colorless (achroite)||Activates the crown chakra; assists communications with the ascended masters, extraterrestrial beings, and the angelic realm; also aids higher awareness|